For Cardiologists

There is a close relationship between Chronic Kidney Disease, Hypertension, Proteinuria and cardiovascular disease.

The cardiovascular risks for morbidity and mortality, in patients with all forms of kidney disease, are exceptionally higher than the general public.

Cardiologists and Nephrologists usually work in a very close relationship, since the underlying risk factors the affect the vascular endothelium also damage the kidneys.

Renal Artery Stenosis: A Cardiologist Perspective

Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in the Community